Virginia Woolf

Virginia Woolf, full name Adeline Virginia Stephen, was born on January 25th, 1882, in London. She was an English author, feminist, essayist, publisher, and a critic. She is known as one of the most innovative writers of the 20th century. Her father, Sir Leslie Stephen, was a historian, author, critic, and mountaineer, while her mother, Julia Prinsep Duckworth, was known for her beauty. Their family would often spend summers at St. Ives in Cornwall, which inspired her to write one of her famous works, To The Lighthouse. The sudden death of her mother in 1895, and that of her half sister 2 years later, led to the first of her several nervous breakdowns, but it was her father’s death, in 1904, that led to her being institutionalized. Virginia, along with her sister Vanessa, were also subjected to sexual abuse from their half-brothers, which is said to have contributed to her mental instability. In the future, she went on to meet the founders of the literary Bloomsbury group, which she later became an active member of. Virginia’s most famous works include the novels Mrs. Dalloway, To The Lighthouse, and Orlando, and the essay A Room of One’s Own. She criticized gender influenced discrimination, the patriarchy, and was passionate about individuality. She was also part of the LGBTQ+ community and claimed that gender and sexuality are fluid. Her book Orlando was inspired by her love of ten years with Vita Sackwille West, a female writer, gardener, and a fellow member of the Bloomsbury group. After the completion of her last novel, Between The Acts, Virginia fell into a major depression. On March 28, 1941, she put on her coat, filled the pockets with stones, and drowned by walking into the River Ouse near her house.

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